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Hansenologia Internationalis (Online)

Print version ISSN 1982-5161

Abstract

SILVA, Raimundo Sérgio de Oliveira; SERRA, Sônia Maria Ferreira da Silva; GONCALVES, Eloisa da Graça do Rosario  and  SILVA, Antonio Rafael da. Leprosy in municipality of Buriticupu, State of Maranhão, Brazil: study of disabilities in individuals in post-discharge. Hansenol. int. (Online) [online]. 2012, vol.37, n.2, pp. 54-60. ISSN 1982-5161.

The municipality of Buriticupu presents the epidemiological indicators are classified as hiperendêmico for leprosy. Taking into account the potential of disease in causing physical disability and limitations of psychosocial nature was developed a study to characterize the degree of functional impairment, physical activity and social participation of individuals after high for cure. The study, transversal and descriptive, was developed during the period from June to December 2010 in a sample of 69 individuals who had received the treatment between 2007 and 2009. Simplified evaluation was made of neural function, applying the scale SALSA to characterize the limitation of activity and awareness of risk and of the scale of participation to characterize the restriction on the individual's social participation, in addition to the calculation of the OMP score. It was identified a predominantly male population, economically active age group and occupation related to demands for physical effort, highlighted by a farmer. The percentage of 76.8% of patients had no physical disabilities, while 59.4% had no limitation of activity. There was no perception of risk of suffering traumatic injuries by 69.6% of individuals, while 72.5% of individuals showed no significant constraint to social participation. However, the percentage which showed changing reflects the necessity of improving on discharging attention at the municipality.

Keywords : Leprosy; Disability Evaluation; Patient Discharge.

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