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BEPA. Boletim Epidemiológico Paulista (Online)

versão On-line ISSN 1806-4272

Resumo

HOLCMAN, Marcia Moreira; BARBOSA, Gerson Laurindo  e  PESSOTO, Umberto Catarino. Analysis of the association of potential breeding sites of Aedes aegypti with the characteristics of households and their owners, in the Presidente Prudente region, São Paulo, Brazil. BEPA, Bol. epidemiol. paul. (Online) [online]. 2013, vol.10, n.113, pp. 1-14. ISSN 1806-4272.

Despite all efforts to control dengue, it has become endemic in the Brazilian urban areas. As long as the development of a tetravalent vaccine is not achieved, the technical response to face it is controlling the Aedes aegypti by regular visits of the vector control agents to all urban buildings. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a region consisting of 45 municipalities located in the southwest of São Paulo state. We aimed to describe the characteristics of the households, as well as some characteristics of the person in charge of its daily maintenance and correlate it with the presence of potential breeding sites in the houses visited during the activities of entomological surveillance carried out by the Superintendence of Endemic Disease Control. The logistic regression (LR) considering the presence potential breeding sites in the property as the dependent variable and the household characteristics and its head as independent variables was used to estimate the risk of the presence of Aedes aegypti. In the LR final multiple model only two variables remained the family income, indicating that higher incomes achieve the lower risk of having breeding sites in the household and the status of the property suggesting that rented houses represent lower risk. However, these relationships were of low intensity. The lack of association suggests that few socioeconomic and cultural factors explain the presence of breeding households in this region. Additional similar studies in regions with different epidemiological histories of the disease may support new directions of educational and advertising campaigns.

Palavras-chave : Aedes aegypti; Vector control; Housing conditions; Socioeconomic conditions.

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