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BEPA. Boletim Epidemiológico Paulista (Online)

versão On-line ISSN 1806-4272


CATARINO, Regina Maria  e  DUARTE, Glaucia. Iodine deficiency and its implications for health. BEPA, Bol. epidemiol. paul. (Online) [online]. 2011, vol.8, n.86, pp. 19-27. ISSN 1806-4272.

Iodine deficiency is the main cause of brain damage and mental retardation in the world and it may be easily prevented. By its consequences for the development and growth of human beings also represents one of the major public health problems. The elimination of iodine deficiency disorders constitutes one of the most important goals to be met in the worldwide. To this end, the scientific basis have established through development of standards and strategies to reach guidelines for the population. The fortification of salt with iodine results in the most intervention frequently used due to its cost benefit. The assessment of the magnitude and severity of disability includes the use of simple and valuable means as the research of goiter and urinary iodine determinations. This study includes the criteria for the defining disorders caused by this deficiency as a health problem, process indicators and impact on the management of global programs for sustainable disposal.

Palavras-chave : Iodine deficiency; Goiter endemic; Iodine intake; Urinary iodine.

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